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Objavljeno: 22.2.2019

If Clauses & Conditional Sentences (pogojniki)

Pogojnike ločimo na več tipov. Posamezen tip je opisan v svojem podpoglavju.


Type 0 (na splošno: dogodki, ki veljajo za sedanjost/preteklost)

 

If + Present/Past Simple, Present/Past Simple

 

If I study hard, I have good grades.

If I had time, I went out.

 

Type 1 (za prihodnost: dogodki, ki se bodo zgodili v prihodnosti)

 

If + Present Simple, will + osnovna oblika glagola

 

If the weather is fine tomorrow, we will go for a walk.

 

Type 2 (za sedanjost ali prihodnost: dogodki, ki so možni, a je malo verjetno, da se bodo zgodili)

 

If + Past Simple, would + nedoločnik (Present Conditional)

 

If I were you, I would tell him the truth.

If you wrote her a letter, she would be very happy.

 

Type 3 (za preteklost: dogodki, ki se niso zgodili)

 

If + Past Perfect Simple, would + have + pretekli deležnik (Past Conditional)

 

If she had studied, she would have passed the exam.

 

Mixed type (za preteklost ali sedanjost: neresnični dogodki)

 

If + Past Perfect, Present Conditional

If + Past Simple, Past Conditional

 

If I had known how to repair a bike, I wouldn't be asking you for help.

If I knew how to repair a bike, I would have repaired it myself.

 

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When I arrived, Anthony with his Nintendo.

The train wasn't here it already.

Tara is exhausted. She already.

How long each other when they got married?

I didn't have much to eat at lunch because a lot at breakfast.

I long when the alarm went off.

She to speak English before she arrived in America.

Ram good French because he had been studying for several years.

Shakespeare would be famous even if he "To be or not to be..."

I from him for ten years when I received his last letter.

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